Improving Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Using the Talking Stick Learning Model

Lindu Sartika, Ilham Marnola, Hilliyani Hilliyani, Yulia Rahmi, Siska Wahyuni


Measurement-related math subject is taught in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, but many students still struggle to understand the concepts making the subject becomes boring and unappealing. Low learning outcomes in mathematics might be caused by boredom with the subject and problems in comprehending. The Talking Stick learning model is implemented to help students who are struggling with mathematics. This study sought to determine whether the Talking Stick learning model may improve learning outcomes in mathematics. This experimental study used quantitative methodology. The participants were third-graders at MIN 9 Aceh Tengah. A formative test with multiple choice questions was used as the data collection tool. The test was administered to both the experimental and control classes in two stages, namely the pretest (beginning test) and post-test (final test). The t-test was the analytical method utilized. The data demonstrated that the Talking Stick learning approach might be used to enhance learning outcomes in mathematics.


Mathematics Learning Outcomes; Learning Model; Talking Stick

Full Text:



Ardianto, Elvinaro. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Untuk Public Relations Kuantitatif Dan Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Arifin, Zainal. (2016). Evaluasi Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Burelson, W. et al. A Multimedia Adaptive Tutoring System for Mathematics that Addresses Cognition, Metacognition and Affect. Int J Artif Intell Educ 24, 387–426 (2014).

Baines, E., Blatchford, P., & Chowne, A. (2007). “Improving The Effectiveness of Collaborative Group Work in Primary Schools: Effects on Science Attainment." British Educational Research Journal, 33(5), 663–680.

Bull R, Serif G. Executive functioning as a predictor of children's mathematics ability: inhibition, switching, and working memory. Dev Neuropsychol. 2001;19(3):273–93. doi: 10.1207/S15326942DN1903_3.

Carraher, T.N., Carraher, D.W. and Schliemann, A.D. (1985), Mathematics in the streets and in schools. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 3: 21–29.

Carraher, D. W., & Schliemann, A. D. (2002). The transfer dilemma. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 11(1), 1–24.

Chiriac, Hammar E. (2014). “Group Work As An Incentive For Learning: Students’ Experience of Group Work." Frontiers in Psychology, 5(Article), 558.

Fattah, Nanang. (2013). Landasan Manajemen Pendidikan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Geary, D. C., & Hoard, M. K. (2003). Learning disabilities in basic mathematics: Deficits in memory and cognition. In J. M. Royer (Ed.), Mathematical Cognition (p. 2003). Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.

Gillies, R. (2016). “Cooperative Learning. Review of Research and Practice”. Australian Journal of Educational Research, pp. 41, 39–54.

Gillies, R. M., & Boyle, M. (2010). “Teachers’ Reflections on Cooperative Learning: Issues of Implementation." Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(4), 933–940.

Hamdayama, Jumanta. (2016). Metodologi Pengajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Hattie, J. (2008). Visible Learning. Routledge

Huda, Miftahul. (2014). Model-Model Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Isrok’atun dan Tiurlina. (2016). Model Pembelajaran Matematika Situation-Based Learning Di Sekolah Dasar. Sumedang: UPM Sumedang Press.

Johnson, D. W., R. T. Johnson, and K. A. Smith. (1998). Active learning: Cooperation in the college classroom. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Kurniasih, Imas. (2015). Ragam Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Untuk Peningkatan Profesionalitas Guru. Jakarta: Kata Pena.

Kusnadi. (2018). Metode Pembelajaran Kolaboratif. Tasikmalaya: Edu Publisher.

Lemaire, P., & Lecacheur, M. (2011). Age-related changes in children's executive functions and strategy selection: a study in computational estimation. Cognitive Development, 26, 282–294.

Lubis, Mayang Sari. (2018). Metodologi Penelitian. Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama.

Mazzocco, M. M., Feigenson, L., & Halberda, J. (2011). Preschoolers' precision of the approximate number system predicts later school mathematics performance. PloS one, 6(9), e23749.

Peklaj, C., Vodopivec, B. (1999). “Effects of Cooperative Versus Individualistic Learning On Cognitive, Affective, Metacognitive And Social Processes In Students." Eur J Psychol Educ 14, 359–373.

Pellegrino, J. W., & Hilton, M. L. (Eds.). (2012). “Education For Life And Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge And Skills In The 21st Centrury”. American Educational Research Council.

Purwanto. (2014). Evaluasi Hasil Belajar. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Reksoatmodjo, Tedjo N. (2007) Statistika Untuk Psikologi dan Pendidikan. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Royer, J. M. (Ed.). (2003). Mathematical Cognition. Greenwich: Infoage Publishing.

Rusman. (2012). Model-Model Pembelajaran Mengembangkan Profesionalisme Guru. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Shoimin, Aris. (2014). 68 Model Pembelajaran Inovatif Dalam Kurikulum 2013. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.

Slavin, R. E. (1995). Cooperative learning: Theory, research, and practice, 2d ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

Sriyanto. (2017). Mengobarkan Api Matematika. Sukabumi: CV Jejak.

Sukma, E., Marhadi, H., & Kurniaman, O. (2016). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Cooperatif Tipe Talking Stick Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Ips Siswa Kelas iii Sdn 009 Binio Jaya Kecamatan Kelayang Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 3 (1).

Suprijono, Agus. (2010). Cooperative Learning Teori Dan Aplikasi PAIKEM. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Tronsky, L. N., & Royer, J. M. (2003). Relationships among basic computational automaticity, working memory, and complex mathematical problem solving: What we know and what we need to know. In J. M. Royer (Ed.), Mathematical cognition. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.

Van Aalst, J. (2013). “Assessment In Collaborative Learning." In C. E. Hmelo-Silver, C. A. Chinn, C. K. K. Chan, & A. M. O’Donnell (Eds.), The International Handbook Of Collaborative Learning. Routledge.

Widoyoko, Eko Putro. (2010). Evaluasi Program Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Woolf, B., Arroyo, I., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Cooper, D., Dolan, R., & Christopherson, R. (2010). The Effect of Motivational Learning Companions on Low Achieving Students and Students with Disabilities. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS'10), pp. 327–337.

Yamarik, S. (2007). “Does Cooperative Learning Improve Student Learning Outcomes?”. The Journal of Economic Education, 38(3), 259–277.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ilham Marnola

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

1-2 Weeks2-4 Weeks4-12 Weeks
Acceptance RateSubmission to 1st DecisionPeer-review ProcessSubmission to Acceptance

Indonesian Journal of Instructional Media and Model
P-ISSN: 2686-0708  | E-ISSN: 2686-0112

Publisher: Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
Address: Jl. Letjen. Sujono Humardani No. 1 Jombor, Sukoharjo, Central Java, Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Instructional Media and Model is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Based on a work at

View My Stats