Unlocking the Power of Virtual Classrooms: Exploring the Impact of Cooperative Learning, Student Engagement, and Online Learning Constraints on Learning Outcomes


  • Erwin Erwin Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang
  • Farida Ariani Institut Agama Islam Sumatera Barat




Virtual Class, Cooperative Learning, online learning constraints, Learning Outcome


The impact of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the activities, psychological conditions, and behavioral changes in adult learning, where the implementation of technology-based learning has become increasingly widespread in higher education institutions. Both professors and students have become accustomed to engaging in distance learning interactions, including those at the Faculty of Tarbiyah, Islamic Institute of West Sumatra, who have been familiar with utilizing virtual classes through collaborative learning methods. This research aims to analyze the influence of implementing virtual classes with collaborative learning methods, student engagement, and the challenges faced by students in online learning on learning outcomes. The research method used is a mixed-method convergent parallel design, involving the collection of qualitative and quantitative data. Qualitative data analysis employs descriptive analysis, while quantitative data is analyzed using a cross-sectional study design. Based on the research findings, it is evident that student learning through virtual classes at the Faculty of Tarbiyah, supported by platforms like Google Classroom, WhatsApp, and Zoom Meetings, has proven to be quite effective and has had a positive impact on students' learning achievements. The challenges encountered by students and professors during online learning include Technology Mastery, Cost, Smooth Communication, Interactive Success, Internet Signal, and Time Management. For the faculty members of Tarbiyah, it is recommended to conduct online learning based on virtual classes, involving various integrated platforms such as Google Classroom, WhatsApp, and Zoom Meetings. Additionally, preparing a comprehensive online learning guide with solutions to handle technical issues would be beneficial.


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How to Cite

Erwin, E., & Ariani, F. (2023). Unlocking the Power of Virtual Classrooms: Exploring the Impact of Cooperative Learning, Student Engagement, and Online Learning Constraints on Learning Outcomes. Jurnal Komunikasi Pendidikan, 7(2), 82–90. https://doi.org/10.32585/jurnalkomdik.v7i2.4383