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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Articles are the results of research, studies, and conceptual ideas in the fields of education and language learning, literature and local culture, both formal and non-formal.
  • The article has never been published before, in both print and non-print media. Plagiarism check below 20%.
  • The margins on the top, bottom, right and left are all 3 cm.
  • The font size used is; title (14pt), author's name (12pt), correspondence address (10pt), abstract (10pt), article content (12pt), bibliography (12pt).
  • Article length is 15-20 pages, 1 column format, 1.5 spacing
  • The systematic writing of research articles contains: (a) title, (b) author's name (without title); (c) correspondence address (written under the author's name), (d) abstract: is the digest of the text; (e) key words: under the abstract; (f) introduction: (without the title of the section): contains the background, problem / objective, brief literature review; (g) research methods: contains research design, population, samples, data collection methods / research instruments, and data analysis techniques; (h) results and discussion: presents and clearly discusses the subject with reference to the purpose of writing; (i) conclusions and suggestions, (j) bibliography: references referred to must be used and included in the text of the article.
  • Systematics of writing conceptual ideas articles containing: (a) title; (b) the author's name; (c) correspondence addresses; (d) abstract; (e) key words; (f) introduction (without subtitles); (g) subheadings (as needed); (h) conclusions and suggestions; and (i) bibliography (containing books cited in the text).
  • The article title is no more than 12 words (Indonesian) and 10 words (English), written in capital letters and in bold. The title is concise, but informative enough to describe the contents of the article. If possible avoid using abbreviations.
  • Abstracts are made in Indonesian and English on one page. It contains about 200 words, both Indonesian abstract and English abstract. Times New Roman font, 10pt size with 1 (one) space. In general, it contains the objectives, methods, and results of applying the method to the problems discussed.
  • The indentiation of the paragraph (the indentation of the first letter) is 7 beats (7 spaces).
  • All English or foreign terms are italicized.
  • The citation method must maintain the standard of the citation (Author Last Name, Year). Example: (Fanani, 2012). The style of reference like 'si Badu (1969) in si Dadap (1998) in si Fulan (2009) is not a standard method of reference because it borrows the eyes of others. The first mention of the abbreviation must be given the acronym, for example the National Seminar on Information Systems & Technology (SNASTI).
  • The bibliography contained herein should be cited in the text by referring to the APA-style format (see The referenced library must be in the bibliography and not less than 10 references. References must be relevant, current and 50% of the time are primary references (national journals, international journals). The reference update is recommended for the last ten years. Authors are not allowed to refer to wikipedia and blog pages whose credibility is not trusted.
  • All data, opinions, and statements in the article are entirely the responsibility of the author, not the editorial team.

Author Guidelines

The manuscripts

The manuscript should be an original research paper that sufficiently contributes novelty to the Kawruh: Journal of Language Education, Literature and Local Culture. Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically by using the Kawruh: Journal of Language Education, Literature and Local Culture Research online submission procedure. The corresponding author should also provide a statement that the manuscript is not concurrently being under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Editors will ignore submissions that do not follow these procedures.

Structure of the manuscripts

1. Title. The title should be clear and informative, and not more than 15 words.

2. Author's names and institutions. The author's names should be accompanied by the author's institutions and email addresses, without any academic title. For a joint paper, one of the authors should be notified as to the corresponding author.

3. Abstract, keywords, and MRBM classification numbers. The abstract should be less than 150 words. Please provide the abstract in both English and Indonesian versions. The keywords should be 3 to 5 words or phrases.

4. Introduction. This section explains the background of the study, a review of the previous researches in the area, and the aims of the manuscripts. Importantly it should also show the significance and novelty of the research.

5. Methods. This section describes the appropriate tools of analysis along with the data and their sources.

6. Results and Discussion. This section explains the results of the study. It should be presented clearly and concisely. Author(s) should explore the novelty or the contribution of the work to the education literature.

7. Conclusion. This section concludes and provides policy implications, if any, of the study. The conclusion(s) should be in the same order as ones discussed in the body of the manuscript.

8. References. This section lists only the papers, books, or other types of publications referred to in the body of the manuscript.

General Writing Format

1. The manuscript is prepared in an A4 paper, 1 columns, and 1,15 line spacing format. A new paragraph should start with 5 characters from the left margin, using 12-size, Times-new-Romans font type.

2. The manuscript is written in proper English.

3. The manuscript should be between 6 to 12 pages long.

4. The top and bottom margins are 1,5 inches.

5. The title is written using capital letters only at first word or special name (example: location name), 14 font size, center position.

6. Subtitles are written using capital letters only at first word or special name, 12 font size, starting from the left margin.

7. Subs of subtitles, if any, are written using capital letters only at first word or special name. They should be started from the left margin.

8. Sub of sub titles, if any, are written using capital letters only at the beginning of each word except for connecting words, all in italics. They should be started from the left margin.

9. References should be those of the last ten years publication (>80%), except for key references (80%). Referring to any textbook should be minimized (<20%).

Specific Writing Format

1. Equations and formula should be numbered as (1), (2)...etc appearing to their right.

2.  Estimation results from a software package are not allowed to be directly presented in the paper. They should be presented in summary tables.


Tables and Figures

Tables and figures should be presented as follows:

1. The name of tables and figures should follow a numbering system (Arabic numbering system). The title of the tables and figures are placed at the top and the bottom respectively.

2. The tables and figures should provide the source of information, if any, at the bottom. 

3. Any table should contain only the heading and contents. The table contains row lines only without column lines. Note(s) and source(s) should be included underneath the table where appropriate. 



Acknowledgment, if any, should be written as the foot-note of the manuscript's title.

Subjects and Authors Index

The authors should provide an index of the subject, namely the specific terms in the manuscript. The authors should also provide the index of authors, namely the key authors of papers referred to in the manuscript. Please write the family name followed by the given name.


Citation in the text body should be written using the family name and years of publication. Example:

a. Hill (2001) suggests that the objective of depreciation is ....

b. Inflation targeting would be sufficient (McCain, 1982).

c. The definition of contagion is ... (Wagner, 1976; Rhonda 2009).

d. The Authors are recommended to use Mendeley Reference software.



The manuscript is expected to involve approximately 20-25 primary and up-to-date references to assert high-quality contributions to knowledge development. Citations and references must strictly follow the APA (American Psychological Association) style.  References should include only works that are cited within the text of the manuscript.  Consulting the APA style manual ( is strongly recommended for completing manuscript submissions.

References should appear as:

Book with one author:

Author, A. A. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with two authors:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with more than two authors:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Journal article:

Ruchba, S. M., & Suhada, F. (2015). The impact of regional autonomy and monetary crisis on economic growth in Yogyakarta. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets7 (3), 60-68.

A publication in press:

Kuncoro, H. (in press). Does the sustainable fiscal policy foster its credibility? Economic Journal of Emerging Markets.

Edited book:

Gregoriou, G. N. (Ed.). (2009). Emerging Markets: Performance, Analysis, and Innovation. Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Chapter in an edited book:

Courant, P. N., Gramlich, E. M., & Rubinfeld, D. L. (1979). The stimulative effects of intergovernmental grants: or why money sticks where it hits. In P. Mieszkowski, & W. H. Oakland (Ed.), Fiscal Federalism and Grants-in-Aid (pp. 5-21). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Web site:

Prasetyo, P. E., Sudarma, K., & Sulaha, A.S. (2014). Economic policy impact on competitiveness and efficiency of the textile industry in central Java. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets6 (2), 85-95. Retrieved August 23, 2016, from

Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis: Mosquera, C. M. R. (2009). Essays on Economic Growth, Financial Integration, and Exchange Rates. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Published proceedings:

Altinbas, H., & Biskin, O.T. (2015). Selecting macroeconomic influences on stock markets by using feature selection algorithms. In E. Hromada (Ed.), IISES 3rd and 4th Economics and Finance Conference: Vol. 30. Procedia Economics and Finance (pp. 22-29). London: International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

A presented paper:

Lagos, Ricardo. (2009, October). Asset Prices, Liquidity, and Monetary Policy in an Exchange Economy. Paper presented at the Annual Economic Policy Conference of the FRB of St. Louis: "Debt, Financial Markets, and Monetary Policy", Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, US.


Manuscript Template

Manuscript should be prepared according to the following MS Word template:



How to send the manuscript

1. The manuscript in Microsoft word should be sent to the editor by clicking the Online Submission tab on our Website.
2. A brief bio that contains full name, academic title, institution, telephone, mobile number, and others should be written in the fields of data when registering online in the website submission.

Final Decision

Taking into account the results of the peer-reviewing process, the decision as to the acceptability of each manuscript for publication will be notified to the author(s) through the website system in the following alternative conclusions:
a. Accepted without revision, or
b. Accepted with minor revision, or
c. Accepted with major revision, or
d. Rejected.


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