Investigasi Perubahan Gaya Belajar Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran: Penelitian Longitudinal

Surya Akbar, Tezar Samekto Darungan, Halimah Tania

Abstract


Gaya belajar mahasiswa dapat bervariasi dari visual, auditori, dan kinestetik. Beberapa penelitian memperlihatkan adanya perubahan gaya belajar seiring dengan waktu. Namun, pada beberapa penelitian lainnya hal ini tidak tergambarkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbedaan gaya belajar mahasiswa selama mengikuti kegiatan belajar mengajar. Desain penelitian kohort digunakan pada penelitian ini. Sebanyak 63 responden mengikuti penelitian ini. Pengukuran dilakukan dua kali, yaitu pada saat responden berada ditahun pertama dan tahun ketiga saat mengikuti program pendidikan dokter. Data yang didapat akan dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analitik. Uji analitik yang digunakan adalah uji alternatif Chi-Square yaitu uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z. Hasil pengukuran didapatkan mayoritas gaya belajar mahasiswa baik ditahun pertama atau tahun ketiga dalam kategori unimodal. Gaya belajar unimodal terbanyak adalah visual, diikuti dengan auditori dan kinestetik. Gaya belajar bimodal terbanyak adalah visual kinestetik. Uji komparasi gaya belajar tahun pertama dengan tahun ketiga didapatkan nilai p=0,832 (p<0,05). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara gaya belajar mahasiswa ditahun pertama dengan tahun ketiga. Namun, terdapat perubahan gaya belajar mahasiswa seiring dengan waktu. Karakteristik institusi dapat menjadi faktor yang mempengaruhi gaya belajar mahasiswa. Perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk menganalisis hal tersebut.

Keywords


Learning Style, VAK, Changes.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32585/jkp.v5i2.1438

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